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电大国开19秋管理英语4_Unit1Selftest_149300

时间:2019-11-08 14:35来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
信息文本 一、选择填空题(每题10分,共5题) 题目1,还未回答,满分10.00, 题干 — We could let some of the staff work from home.________________? — That's a good idea. 选择一项: A. Do you have any good ideas B. What do you think of it C. Is t


信息文本

一、选择填空题(每题10分,共5题)

题目1,还未回答,满分10.00,

题干

— We could let some of the staff work from home.________________?
— That's a good idea.
选择一项:
A. Do you have any good ideas
B. What do you think of it
C. Is there anything else

题目2,还未回答,满分10.00,

题干

— This project is too big for me to finish on time.
—________________.
选择一项:
A. Please do me a favor
B. That is a daydream
C. I'll give you a hand

题目3,还未回答,满分10.00,

题干

The responsibilities in handbook ______ that managers have to be concerned with efficiency and effectiveness in the work process.
选择一项:
A. imply
B. indicate
C. interrupt

题目4,还未回答,满分10.00,

题干

______ managers spend most of their time in face-to-face contact with others, but they spend much of it obtaining and sharing information.
选择一项:
A. Not only
B. Do not only
C. Not only do

题目5,还未回答,满分10.00,

题干

Supervisors should ______ their employees in two-way communication so that understanding takes place.
选择一项:
A. enable
B. engage
C. encourage

题目6,还未回答,满分50.00,

题干

二、阅读理解:根据文章内容判断正误(共50分)。

Who Killed Nokia?

  Nokia executives attempted to explain its fall from the top of the smartphone pyramid with three factors: 1) that Nokia was technically inferior to Apple, 2) that the company was complacent and 3) that its leaders didn't see the disruptive iPhone coming.
  It has also been argued that it was none of the above. Nokia lost the smartphone battle because of divergent shared fears among the company's middle and top managers which led to company-wide inertia that left it powerless to respond to Apple's game.
  Based on the findings of an in-depth investigation and 76 interviews with top and middle managers, engineers and external experts, the researchers discovered a culture of fear due to temperamental leaders and that frightened middle managers were scared of telling the truth.
  The fear that froze the company came from two places. First, the company's top managers had a terrifying reputation. Some members of Nokia's board and top management were described as “extremely temperamental” and they regularly shouted at people “at the top of their lungs”. It was very difficult to tell them things they didn't want to hear. Secondly, top managers were afraid of the external environment and not meeting their quarterly targets, which also impacted how they treated middle managers.
  Top managers thus made middle managers afraid of disappointing them. Middle managers were told that they were not ambitious enough to meet top managers' goals.
  Fearing the reactions of top managers, middle managers remained silent or provided optimistic, filtered information. Thus, middle managers directly lied to top management.
  Worse, a culture of status inside Nokia made everyone want to hold onto vested power for fear of resources being allocated elsewhere if they delivered bad news or showed that they were not bold or ambitious enough to undertake challenging assignments.
  Beyond verbal pressure, top managers also applied pressure for faster performance in personnel selection. This led middle managers to over promise and under deliver. One middle manager told us that “you can get resources by promising something earlier, or promising a lot. It's sales work.”
  While modest fear might be healthy for motivation, abusing it can be like overusing a drug, which risks generating harmful side effects. To reduce this risk, leaders should coordinate with the varied emotions of the staff. Nokia's top managers should have encouraged safe dialogue, internal coordination and feedback to understand the true emotion in the organization.

操作提示:正确选T,错误选F。
1. Nokia lost the smartphone battle because its technology is not as good as that of Apple.回答TF
2. Nokia's middle managers were frank to tell the truth, but the top ones didn't listen to them.回答TF
3. Nokia's top managers were too moody to hear anything good but harsh.回答TF
4. Middle managers in Nokia delivered results more than they promised earlier.回答TF
5. Nokia's top managers should have had better conversation techniques to encourage internal coordination and truth.回答TF


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